Cabinet approves Zoji La Tunnel Project!

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Project is not so easy and a good challenge for an Engineering Company to complete in given time with good financial & technical support.
Fate is also clubbed here !
Let's hope good for other routes to open first for whole year.
 

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Things have changed much.
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The Infra Roadblock
Several big projects in J&K have been hit as companies struggle with labour unrest and difficulties in land acquisition and acquiring govt clearances
Ishfaq Naseem Print Edition: December 6, 2015

On July 14, Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari was witness to a rare engineering feat - digging of a nine-km road tunnel, the country's longest, between Chenani and Nashri in Jammu & Kashmir. The tunnel will reduce the distance between Jammu and Kashmir regions by 30 km. It will have the country's first Integrated Tunnel Control System, where ventilation, fire control, signal and communication systems will be automated.
But the project, to be completed in May 2016, has not gone off without hiccups. Last October, Australia's Leighton Contractors backed out after Mumbai-based IL&FS Transportation Network refused to pay more. "Leighton had agreed to take up the project for a lump sum. The workers went on a strike demanding higher wages. The difficulty was aggravated after floods in September 2014 closed the national highway for a month. Leighton raised excess bills and later withdrew," says an official of IL&FS. For IL&FS, it was a big challenge. "IL&FS has now hired sub-contractors. The work is going on smoothly," says NHAI Project Director, Jammu, R.P. Singh.
The Rs 3,800-crore tunnel is symptomatic of problems that most big infrastructure projects in the state are facing. While some, such as acquisition of land, lack of funds, delay in clearances and labour issues, are common to all the states, in Jammu & Kashmir, difficult terrain is proving to be an additional stumbling block.
Besides IL&FS, Hindustan Construction Company (HCC), Ramkay Infrastructure, GVK and Jaiprakash (JP) Associates, which are implementing some landmark projects, are also facing difficulties. As most of these projects are in road and power sectors, this is also hitting the state's economy as industries grapple with power cuts and spend more to transport goods due to lack of high-quality road infrastructure.

The Infra Deficit
The only road that connects Kashmir with other parts of the country is the Jammu-Srinagar national highway. It is blocked in winter due to landslides. Government estimates reveal shortage of 3,000-km roads in the Kashmir division - to build them over Rs 3,000 crore is needed. The Power Development Department (PDD) figures show that the state faces a power deficit of 27 per cent during peak hours. The situation has not improved much over the years. And given the mess the new projects are in, it is unlikely to do so in the near future either.
INFRA FACTS
  • Road length maintained by the Public Works Department increased from 18,368 km in 2007/08 to 31,921 km in 2013/14.
  • A total of 520 bridges are under construction in the state at a cost of Rs 1,180 crore.
  • The state buys 72.95 per cent of its power from other sources
Source: State Economic Survey 2013/14
For instance, four-laning of the 300-km Jammu-Srinagar highway has been delayed due to land acquisition issues at the 67.7-km Srinagar-Banihal section. The contract was awarded in September 2010 to a consortium of Ramky Infrastructure (74 per cent stake) and China's Jiangsu Provincial Transportation Engineering Group Co Ltd. The venture had to design, build, finance, operate and transfer the project on an annuity basis. The concession period was 20 years. The semi-annual annuity was Rs 134.82 crore and the estimated project cost was Rs 1,101 crore. However, only 62 per cent work had been done by the end of September. It is likely to be completed by June 2016, says a government official.
Also, Kashmir is still not connected with the country's railway network. The Jammu-Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla line has been delayed by years. The plan for connecting Kashmir with the rest of the country was mooted in 1994. It was supposed to be completed by August 15, 2007. However, work on major stretches of this 345-km line is still incomplete. These include the 110-km section between Katra and Banihal. The latest target date is now December 2020. Within Kashmir, the 18-km section between Qazigund and Anantnag was completed in October 2009. The railways also opened the Banihal-Qazigund section in June 2013.























'We were ready to discuss the matter, but the company (GVK) did not seem to be interested. We would have provided security,' says Nirmal Singh, J&K Deputy Chief Minister and Power Minister
Indeed, delay in clearances and difficult terrain have made some companies give up. For instance, in February 2004, JP Associates was awarded contract for a stretch of the Udhampur-Srinagar line for Rs 168 crore. It was to be completed in three years. However, non-availability of land forced JP to foreclose the contract in April 2007 after execution of work worth Rs 27.82 crore. It filed a Rs 35.71 crore-claim for "idling of manpower, equipment and infrastructure" against which arbitrators declared an award of Rs 21.82 crore.

On Banihal-Qazigund section, the Mumbai-based HCC bagged the contract for the 10.9-km Pir Panjal tunnel. The project cost was Rs 413 crore. However, the company faced problems of "delay in handing over the site, increase in scope of work due to change in support system to retain the tunnel strata and delay in supply of drawings." An HCC spokesman says the work has now been completed.

In Srinagar, the Economic Reconstruction Agency (ERA) allotted the Rs 247 crore Jehangir Chowk-Rambagh expressway corridor flyover project to Kolkata-based Simplex Infrastructures. That was in 2012. However, the work could start only in September 2013 as residents resisted dislocation. The deadline has been revised from September 2016 to March 2017.
"There were issues over settlement of people that have been sorted out,'' says ERA Director Malik Basharat Ahmad. He said the deadline was revised after damage to machinery in last year's floods. "The machinery has been repaired. It could not be done in time as the repairs were done outside the country. The workforce also fled due to floods," he says.

Power Pangs
In the power sector, upgrade of transmission lines and construction of several hydel power projects has been obstructed. In July 2014, GVK stopped work on the 850-MW Ratle project on Chenab river at Drabshalla in Kishtwar district saying that the "atmosphere around the site was insecure.'' The company was forced to do this after people entered its site offices "and harassed the staff demanding employment."

Work on four-laning the Jammu-Srinagar national highway is progressing slowly due to land acquisition issues. (Photo: Farooq Shah)
"The company stopped work after the mob didn't relent and locked the offices. Local politicians have been demanding that people known to them be employed," says a senior official. Recently, the GVK management wrote to the government that "it doesn't want to continue the project."

GVK had bagged the Rs 5,500-crore project on a build, own, operate and transfer basis from the PDC in May 2010. It was scheduled to be completed in February 2018. The state would have got 16 per cent power free of cost and 55 per cent at Rs 1.44 per unit for 35 years.
Deputy Chief Minister and Power Minister Nirmal Singh says that GVK backed out saying it was not viable for it to continue the work. "It was earlier asked by the state government to pay water use charges. The company has written to us that it will not continue work due to the charges." Singh, however, asserts that the government is ready to offer concessions. "We were ready to discuss the matter, but the company did not seem to be interested. We would have provided security." The government may ask the PDC to do the work.























'There were issues over settlement of people around the Srinagar expressway project, but they have now been sorted out,' says Malik Basharat Ahmad, Director, Economic Reconstruction Agency
Work on another power project, Pakal Dul, couldn't be started as Chenab Valley Power Projects Ltd (CVVPL), a joint venture between National Hydro Electric Power Corporation, Jammu & Kashmir Power Development Corporation and PTC India, has not issued the allotment order. The 1,000-MW project, one of the largest in India, was bagged by a consortium of Patel Engineering Ltd, Limak Holding of Turkey and state-owned Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd in February last year. It was scheduled to be completed in 66 months. A senior official of CVVPL says the decision over the allotment couldn't be taken due to delay in constitution of the company board.







Singh, however, says that "the CVVPL board will be constituted shortly to clear other projects that are to be constructed through the joint venture."
The upgrade of power transmission infrastructure is also way behind schedule. The state government recently took note of the slow pace of work by Kolkata-based EMC Ltd. Minister of State for Power, Mohammad Ashraf Mir, while reviewing the progress of the Restructured Accelerated Power Development Reforms Programme, asked officers to convey the government's displeasure to the company. The cost of the project is Rs 889 crore. "The agreement for the project was signed on May 19, 2014, and the work is to be completed by March 2016. The work got delayed due to floods in September 2014,'' says a senior government official. A company official, looking after the project in Kashmir, says, "We are not responsible for the delay. Our infrastructure was damaged in last year's floods." The company is working to reduce transmission losses in Srinagar city and the major towns of Tral, Ganderbal, Budgam and Pulwama in Kashmir.

Also, the Pune-based capital goods manufacturer, Thermax, was to work with Iceland-based Reykjavik Geothermal to construct a three-MW geothermal project at Puga Valley in Ladakh. However, a senior official in the PDC said work couldn't be started due to non-availability of funds.

(Ishfaq Naseem is a Jammu & Kashmir based writer.)


Why Jammu and Kashmir infrastructure projects are facing roadblocks
 

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Another News


Zojila tunnel project for Ladakh a non-starter
PM Narendra Modi had laid foundation stone in May 2018

Posted at: Oct 4, 2019, 6:56 AM; last updated: Oct 4, 2019, 6:56 AM (IST)



Highlights
  • Project cost escalates by Rs 1,600 crore;
  • NHIDCL submits fresh proposal to seek clearance from Centre
  • Zojila, considered as a lynchpin of all-weather connectivity to Ladakh, is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh highway

Zojila tunnel project for Ladakh a non-starter

This year’s working season has been lost at the project site. A FILE PHOTOGRAPH

Arteev Sharma
Tribune News Service
Jammu, October 3

Ever since Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid its foundation on May 19 last year, the prestigious Asia’s longest bi-directional Zojila tunnel —14.31-km in length — project to have all-weather road connectivity to country’s cold desert, Ladakh, has remained a non-starter with the loss of this year’s entire working season.
More importantly, the project cost has surged by over 23 per cent due to delay in the start of the work, forcing the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL) to approach the Centre for reviewing its cost and fresh approval.
“No bidder has agreed to work on the present cost of the project, resulting in delay in its start. Thereafter, the project’s revised cost committee reviewed the total cost of the project and recommended an increase of over 23 per cent in its cost. For any cost escalation above 20 per cent, we have to seek fresh approval from the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs. At present, the proposal of the cost review has been lying with the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways,” a senior official of the NHIDCL told The Tribune, wishing not to be named.
Earlier, the total capital cost of the Zojila project was Rs 6808.69 crore which has escalated by Rs 1,600 crore to about Rs 8,400 crore. The construction period of the project was 2,555 days ie seven years which was to be reckoned from the date of the commencement of the construction.
“Given the inordinate delay due to technical issues and incomplete tendering process, we have lost this year’s entire working season as the winters have set in and it will be near impossible to undertake work amid hostile weather conditions. We are awaiting clearance from the Centre,” the official said.

Zojila, considered as a lynchpin of all-weather connectivity to Ladakh, is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh highway and is the fourth highest Pass in the country.
The proposed Zojila tunnel will connect Kashmir’s Sonmarg with the Gumri area in Ladakh’s Kargil district and will reduce the travel time to cross Zojila from 3.5 hours to just 15 minutes. Ladakh remains cut off from rest of the country for almost six months in a year due to heavy snowfall on its two highways.
The project holds strategic and socio-economic importance for the Ladakh region. It will help India keep a check on the growing influence of aggressive China and Pakistan in Ladakh.
On January 15 this year, the Centre had terminated contract with the beleaguered executing agency, M/S IL&FS Transportation Networks Ltd which had executed nearly 7 to 10 per cent ground work on the project. The IL&FS was awarded contract on January 19, 2018.



https://www.tribuneindia.com/mobi/news/zojila-tunnel-project-for-ladakh-a-non-starter/842155.html
 

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Government tweaks Zojila tunnel design to halve project cost to Rs 4,400 crore

Government tweaks Zojila tunnel design to halve project cost to Rs 4,400 croreNational Highways Infrastructure Development and Construction limited (NHIDCL) on Wednesday invited fresh bids for the project, pegging its cost at Rs 4,430 crore. Two officials close to the matter said that the government was earlier building two bidirectional tunnels as part of the project, but has now decided to build a single two-way tunnel.
By
Nishtha Saluja

ET Bureau
Last Updated: Jun 12, 2020, 01.06 PM IST


1593768055853.png


Zojila Pass in Srinagar


New Delhi: The government has done away with a parallel emergency tunnel in the Zojila project in Jammu & Kashmir, changing the initial design of the strategic tunnel, which has led to halving the project cost to around Rs 4,400 crores.

National Highways Infrastructure Development and Construction limited (NHIDCL) on Wednesday invited fresh bids for the project, pegging its cost at Rs 4,430 crore.

Two officials close to the matter said that the government was earlier building two bidirectional tunnels as part of the project, but has now decided to build a single two-way tunnel.

Previous tenders invited for the Zojila tunnel included a “parallel escape (egress) tunnel,” which is now missing from the fresh tender.

The tender invited on Wednesday called for “construction of (i) connecting road from Z-Morh Tunnel to Zojila Tunnel and (ii) 14.150 km long bi-directional tunnel across Zojila Pass on Sonamarg-Kargil section of NH-01.”

“Earlier we were building two tunnels, and now we have done away with the emergency tunnel, which has led to the reduction in costs,” said one of the officials cited above.

The 14.2 km long tunnel which has been languishing for a few years now, had seen cost escalation to the tune of around Rs 1,600 crore after it was stranded by IL&FS Transportation Network, the road development arm of crisis-hit Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS).

ET had reported in June 2019 that NHIDCL, the implementing agency of the project had revised the cost of the project to Rs 8,400 crore, and a Cabinet approval for the same was pending.

A market watcher ET spoke with said that the government may have thought that the project was “over engineered” with two tunnels, since single bi-directional tunnels are a norm internationally as well.

A second official ET spoke with said that a cost reduction of Rs 1,500 crore was achieved after doing away with the second tunnel, among other factors that led to reduction in the project cost.

“Earlier we were planning twin tunnels but since the traffic is less, we decided to make only one,” the official said. Asked whether doing away with the emergency tunnel ensured safety, the official said, “there are several longer tunnels built in Norway, Sweden among others, which have only one bi-directional tunnel.”

The project is to be built on EPC mode. The tunnel is of strategic importance since it will provide all-weather connectivity between Srinagar and Leh while the current National Highway that connects the two remains shut for nearly six months due to snowfall.

“There will be a lot of appetite for the project because there is a dearth of work for construction players,” said Arindam Guha, partner and lead, government and public sector at Deloitte India, adding that construction risks and availability of advanced technology could still be a challenge,


Work to begin shortly on Zojila tunnel: Gadkari
 
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Work to Begin Shortly on Zoji La Tunnel for Connectivity Between Kashmir and Ladakh: Gadkari

File photo of Union Minister Nitin Gadkari. (PTI)


File photo of Union Minister Nitin Gadkari. (PTI)


The Zoji La is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National highway and remains closed during winters due to heavy snowfall, cutting off Ladakh region from Kashmir.
  • PTI
  • LAST UPDATED: JULY 2, 2020, 5:24 PM IST
Union minister Nitin Gadkari on Thursday said work will begin shortly on the strategic Zoji La tunnel for all-year connectivity between Kashmir and Ladakh regions.

The tunnel project, stalled for about six years, holds strategic significance as Zoji La is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National highway and remains closed during winters due to heavy snowfall, cutting off Ladakh region from Kashmir.


"We are also starting work on the around Rs 7,500-Rs 8,000 crore Zoji La tunnel to connect Ladakh," Minister for Road Transport and Highways and MSME Gadkari said.

Addressing a video interaction on 'Employment Opportunities by Ministry of MSME, Constraints and Problems faced by J&K Youth,' the minister also said a new express highway was being built to connect Delhi with Amritsar and Katra which will cut travel time between Delhi and Amritsar to four hours at an average speed of 110-120 km per hour.

Gadkari, who also holds MSME ministry portfolio, said efforts were underway for the Khadi and Village Industries to achieve a turnover of Rs 5 lakh crore in two years, from Rs 88,000 crore at the end of March this year.


Work to Begin Shortly on Zoji La Tunnel for Connectivity Between Kashmir and Ladakh: Gadkari
 

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Work to begin shortly on Zojila tunnel: Gadkari
By
Daily Excelsior
-
02/07/2020



NEW DELHI: Union minister Nitin Gadkari on Thursday said work will begin shortly on the strategic Zojila tunnel for all-year connectivity between Kashmir and Ladakh regions.
The tunnel project, stalled for about six years, holds strategic significance as Zojila Pass is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National highway and remains closed during winters due to heavy snowfall, cutting off Ladakh region from Kashmir.
“We are also starting work on the around Rs 7,500-Rs 8,000 crore Zojila tunnel to connect Ladakh,” Minister for Road Transport and Highways and MSME Gadkari said.
Addressing a video interaction on ‘Employment Opportunities by Ministry of MSME, Constraints and Problems faced by J&K Youth,’ the minister also said a new express highway was being built to connect Delhi with Amritsar and Katra which will cut travel time between Delhi and Amritsar to four hours at an average speed of 110-120 km per hour.
Gadkari, who also holds MSME ministry portfolio, said efforts were underway for the Khadi and Village Industries to achieve a turnover of Rs 5 lakh crore in two years, from Rs 88,000 crore at the end of March this year. (AGENCIES)


https://www.dailyexcelsior.com/work-to-begin-shortly-on-zojila-tunnel-gadkari/
 

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#SmartCityGuide #Top5LongestTunnelsinIndia #Top5LongestUnderConstructionTunnelsinIndia

Zojila - 7.52 min
TOP 5 Under Construction LONGEST TUNNELS IN INDIA | भारत की TOP 5 सबसे लम्बी सुरंग
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TOP 5 Under Construction LONGEST TUNNELS IN INDIA | भारत की TOP 5 सबसे लम्बी निर्माणाधीन सुरंग | INDIA'S MEGA PROJECTS | SMART CITY GUIDE


A tunnel is an underground passageway, dug through the surrounding soil/earth/rock and enclosed except for entrance and exit, commonly at each end. A pipeline is not a tunnel, though some recent tunnels have used immersed tube construction techniques rather than traditional tunnel boring methods. A tunnel may be for foot or vehicular road traffic, for rail traffic, or for a canal. The central portions of a rapid transit network are usually in the tunnel.
In this video I have mentioned these 5 Tunnels
05. Banihal Qazigund Road Tunnel
04. Atal Tunnel (Rohtang Tunnel)
03. Trivandrum Port Tunnel
02. Tunnel Number 12 (Tamenglong)
01. Zojila Tunnel
 
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कैसे बनती है सुरंग | How Are Tunnels Made With TBM
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Tunnel making process using tunnel boring machine (TBM)



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Nitin Gadkari launches blasting process for Zojila tunnel construction work

The project holds strategic significance as Zojila Pass is situated at an altitude of 11,578 feet on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh National Highway and remains closed during winters due to heavy snowfall.


Updated: Oct 15, 2020, 15:49 IST
By hindustantimes.com| Edited by Susmita Pakrasi , Hindustan Times, New Delhi


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