Covid -19, Corona Virus Disease Declared Epidemic In Haryana
हरियाणा में कोरोना महामारी घोषित, भारत का पहला राज्य बना, मंत्री अनिल विज ने किया ट्वीट
अमर उजाला नेटवर्क, चंडीगढ़ Updated Thu, 12 Mar 2020 12:00 PM IST
हरियाणा में कोरोना को महामारी घोषित कर दिया गया है। ऐसा करके प्रदेश यह घोषणा करने वाला भारत का पहला राज्य बन गया है। प्रदेश के गृह मंत्री अनिल विज ने ट्वीट करके इसकी जानकारी दी। इससे पहले मंत्री विज ने इस संबंध में एडवाइजरी जारी की। बता दें कि हरियाणा में कोरोना का एक पॉजीटिव मामला गुरुग्राम में सामने आ चुका है।
Haryana govt declares coronavirus infection an epidemic Coronavirus in India: Rohtak's premier PGIMS Hospital has been designated as Tertiary Care Centre for treatment of critical patients PTI Last Updated: March 12, 2020 | 12:59 IST
Over 270 isolation wards with 1,206 beds have been set up in government and private hospitals to deal with any contingency MORE FROM THE AUTHOR
The Haryana government on Thursday declared the contagious coronavirus infection an epidemic. According to the state Health Department, 44 samples of suspected cases were sent for tests till Wednesday. Out of these, 38 were found negative for coronavirus while reports of six people -- four from Gurgaon and two from Panchkula -- were awaited.
"COVID-19 declared epidemic in Haryana," Health minister Anil Vij said in a tweet. Over 270 isolation wards with 1,206 beds have been set up in government and private hospitals to deal with any contingency. Rohtak's premier PGIMS Hospital has been designated as the Tertiary Care Centre for treatment of critical patients.
The state government has issued various regulations under The Haryana Epidemic Disease, COVID-19 Regulations, 2020, to contain the spread of the deadly virus, according to a notification issued on Wednesday. These regulations come into force with immediate effect and will remain valid for a period of one year. All hospitals in the state have been directed to set up 'flu corners' for screening of suspected coronavirus cases.
According to the regulation, no person/institution shall use print or electronic media to spread mis-information on COVID-19 without prior permission of the Department of Health & Family Welfare. If a person is found indulging in any such activity, they will be punished, it said.
Among other guidelines, no private laboratories have been authorised to take or test coronavirus samples in the state. The government has also asked people with a travel history to coronavirus-affected countries to report to nearest government hospital.
If a coronavirus case is reported from a defined geographic area such as village, town, ward, colony, settlement, the district administration of the district concerned shall have the right to implement containment measures, including sealing of the area, barring entry and exit of population from the containment area, closure of schools, offices and banning public gatherings, besides other measures.
No suit or legal proceedings shall lie against any person for anything done or intended to be done in good faith under the Epidemic Disease Act unless proved otherwise, according to the notification.
Also read: Coronavirus Live Updates: Fresh cases of COVID-19 virus in India; number spikes to 73
Also read: COVID-19 in China may impact Indian manufacturers: Piyush Goyal
Coronavirus update: Karnataka man died of Covid-19, is India's first fatality 4 min read. Updated: 13 Mar 2020, 12:16 AM ISTSharan Poovanna
The 76-year old man from Kalburgi who passed away on Wednesday and was a suspected coronavirus patient has been confirmed for COVID-19, the Karnataka govt said
Mohammed Hussain Siddiq was being treated at a hospital in Kalaburagi for showing symptoms like breathlessness, cold and cough after he returned from Saudi on 29 Feb
BENGALURU : The Karnataka government on Thursday confirmed that Mohammed Hussain Siddiq who died on Wednesday was first fatality in India due to novel coronavirus (COVID-19).
"The 76-year old man from Kalburgi who passed away and was a suspected COVID-19 patient has been confirmed for COVID-19," the Karnataka health department said in a statement late on Thursday.
Siddiq died on Tuesday night on his way back from Hyderabad to Kalaburagi, about 575 kms from Bengaluru.
The centre confirmed the cause of death as "co-morbidity" and also for testing positive for the virus.
The centre, in a statement late on Thursday, said that the deceased visited Saudi Arabia from 29th January 2020 to 29th February 2020.
After landing in Hyderabad, he went to Kalaburagi. The patient was known to have hypertension and asthma and had developed symptoms on 6 March.
"On 9th March 2020, the symptoms got aggravated and he was shifted to a private hospital in Kalaburgi. In this private hospital he was provisionally diagnosed as “mid zone Viral Pneumonia" and “suspected COVID-19."
Though his samples were taken only on 9 March, the hospital authorities discharged the patient on the insistence of the family and took him to Hyderbad.
The centre even stating that the family refused to listen to the Kalaburagi Deputy Commissioner and transferred the patient "without his knowledge."
The death of Siddiq has left several questions unanswered unanswered including indications of procedural lapses that let a heavily symptomatic patient leave one medical facility, go to Hyderabad and then be sent back in a day.
"The necessary contact tracing, isolation and other measures as per protocol are being carried out. Telangana government has also been informed since he went to a private hospital there," the health department said.
Siddiq was being treated at a hospital in Kalaburagi for showing symptoms like breathlessness, cold and cough after he returned from Saudi Arabia on 29 February.
Siddiq’s case adds to the fears around the COVID-19 and its rapid spread in India, that has so far infected at least 79 people in the country.
Siddiq’s positive test results takes the total number of cases in Karnataka to 6, and the first outside Bengaluru.
There are three other males, one woman and one 13 year old child who have been confirmed do far.
The World Health Organization (WHO) on Wednesday declared the outbreak of Covid-19 a pandemic. Since the outbreak, the virus has affected over 114 countries, whose effects are being felt in financial markets and businesses world over.
Covid-19 has infected at least 118000 people and taken 4291 deaths, according to a statement on Wednesday made by World Health Organisation’s director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The Indian government on Wednesday suspended visas of all foreign nationals with effect from 13 March till 15 April.
The death of Siddiq has left several questions unanswered unanswered including indications of procedural lapses that let a heavily symptomatic patient leave one medical facility, go to Hyderabad and then be sent back in a day.
Health officials said that they would determine all angles in its investigation into the case and also said that the isolation of Siddiq could have been for other infections like H1N1, that continues to be a health hazard in Karnataka.
Siddiq also had pneumonia, hypertension and asthma among other ailments, officials said.
Officials said that Saudi Arabia does not have local transmission or that the infection could have occured in transit.
There are a total of four confirmed positive cases in Karnataka that includes a senior executive at a software firm, with a travel history from America and Dubai, his wife and daughter and one other unrelated person who is a software engineer with a travel history from USA to London and then to Bengaluru. The fifth patient has a travel history to Greece.
Information Technology and other companies in Bengaluru have been asked to stop travel to onsite locations to contain the spread of the virus. Health officials said that they will meet with IT companies on Thursday and ask them not to share information on the patients.
The school in which the daughter of the first positive patient in Bengaluru has recommended that all 28 classmates are under isolation and other students be under medical observation and report if they develop symptoms.
A total of 2666 people are being monitored for possibly coming in contact with the first patient that include a few hundred school students.
His throat swab was sent for testing to check for COVID-19 infection. He was shifted to CARE hospital in Hyderabad in the interim and died enroute as he was being brought back to Kalaburagi.
The Union Health Ministry said the number of coronavirus patients in the country has risen to 74 with fresh cases being reported from Maharashtra, Delhi, Ladakh, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh as well as one foreign national.
The rise in numbers came a day after the World Health Organisation declared COVID-19 a global pandemic.
Stating that India is still seeing local transmission, the Health Ministry said: “We have to remember that while there is no need for panic we are dealing with an evolving situation. Currently we have 1,500 contacts of the 74 positive cases currently being monitored,” Joint Secretary, Union Health Ministry Lav Agarwal told reporters at a press conference on March 12.
In empty stadiums
In widening fallout of the pandemic, the Ministry of External Affairs advised the BCCI not to go ahead with the cash-rich IPL. MEA Additional Secretary Dammu Ravi, the nodal officer to coordinate efforts to deal with the coronavirus outbreak, said the government’s advice to the BCCI would be “not do it at this time but if the organisers want to go ahead, it is their decision”.
Following a directive from the Sports Ministry, the remaining two ODIs between India and South Africa in Lucknow and Kolkata, the Indian Super League football tournament final in Goa are among events to be played in empty stadiums.
The Ministry directed all National Sports Federations to “...ensure that no public gathering takes place in any sporting event...if the event cannot be avoided, the same could be done without allowing gathering of people, including spectators”. COVID-19 | Interactive map of confirmed coronavirus cases in India
In Andhra Pradesh’s first COVID-19 case, a 24-year-old youth, who returned from Italy, has tested “positive”, health officials said in Nellore. With two more cases being confirmed in Kerala, the total number of cases in the State has touched 16. Two more cases were also confirmed in Maharashtra, State Health Minister Rajesh Tope said, taking the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases to 14.
The patient in Nellore, who was admitted to the isolation ward of the Government General Hospital late on March 9, is now stable and all his vitals are normal, said Nellore District Joint Collector V. Vinod Kumar. All the five relatives of the youth have been kept under observation in GGH.
The new cases were reported from Kannur, of a person who had come from Dubai, and Thrissur in a person who returned from Qatar. They are currently in isolation in Pariyaram Medical College hospital and Thrissur General Hospital respectively.
Explained | How is India containing COVID-19?
Globally while COVID-19 has over 1,18,000 cases sweeping across 114 countries, the Health Ministry has asked Indians not to panic but co-operate with the government to detect and contain the situation.
“The country should stay focused on a preventive approach. Till now 10.5 lakh people have been screened at 30 designated airports in India,” Mr. Agarwal said. He added that the country currently has 1 lakh testing kits and that the government was in talks with even the private sector to ensure that enough isolation beds are made available should the need arise.
Speaking about the Indian who are abroad and want to return home, the Ministry said an Indian team of doctors will leave for Italy to collect and bring swab samples of Indian students stranded there so that they can be tested before being brought back to the country.
“The government is also undertaking measures to ensure safety and security of its citizens in Iran after it became clear that the country was facing a COVID-19 outbreak. We will be bringing back 130-150 Indians by three flights,” Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Rubina Ali said. Coronavirus updates | March 12, 2020
On March 7, 108 samples were received from Iran. These samples are being tested at the AIIMS laboratory. Also, six scientists from the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) are stationed in Iran and have so far have collected swab samples of over 400 Indians stranded there, a senior Health Ministry official said.
“The first batch of 58 evacuees from Iran has arrived on March 10 with 25 men, 31 women and 2 childrenon board. All evacuees are asymptomatic at present,” the Health Ministry noted.
India has so far evacuated 948 persons from COVID-19 affected countries. Of these, 900 are Indian citizens and 48 from different nationalities, including from Maldives, Myanmar, Bangladesh, China, USA, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Nepal, South Africa and Peru, teh Health Ministry said.
In Delhi the mother of a 46-year-old man, who had tested positive for COVID-19, has also been detected with the virus, making her the sixth patient here.
“The woman, a 69-year-old has been admitted to RML Hospital. Her son has a history of travel to Japan, Geneva and Italy. They are residents of West Delhi’s Janakpuri. Eight other members of their family were found to be asymptomatic. Cinema halls in Delhi to remain shut till March 31 due to coronavirus threat,” Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said.
Pune has reported nine cases with District Collector Naval Kishore Ram stating that a person who had travel history to the United States tested positive on March 12.
The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) said there is sufficient stock of raw materials for medicines and formulations available to meet requirements of the situation arising due to the coronavirus outbreak.
NPPA Chairman Shubhra Singh met representatives of pharmaceutical industry associations on the issue of availability of critical active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs).
“Chairman NPPA met today representatives of the Pharma Associations on the issue of availability of critical APIs. It is assured that sufficient stock of critical APIs and formulations is available to meet the requirements of the situation arising out of COVID-19,” the drug pricing authority said in a tweet.
The NPPA also said, “Indian Drug Manufacturers’ Association (IDMA) has assured NPPA regarding enough stock of APIs and formulations. No shortages in the near future.”
The Hindu had invited readers to send in queries related to COVID-19. Here are answers to selected questions.
Are there differences between symptoms caused by the flu and COVID-19?
Cough and cold could mean an allergy. A fever with cough and cold is a symptom of the flu. When you have fever with cough which is complicated by breathlessness, it is a symptom of Coronavirus infection and you must call your doctor to rule it out.
Dr KK Aggarwal; President, Confederation of Medical Associations of Asia and Oceania and former president of Indian Medical Association
_________________ Can a person exposed to Coronavirus transmit it to others if he/she uses a swimming pool?
Highly unlikely. The Coronavirus is a droplet infection. It has to be inhaled to cause the disease. Chlorination of swimming pools to recommended levels can certainly inactivate any virus, including COVID-19.
Dr Ravi Santosham;Pulmonologist
_________________ Is it true that hot weather conditions can prevent COVID-19 transmission? Can sunlight kill the virus?
It can probably inhibit the growth, viability or stability of the virus but to what extent we do not know. If the virus is already in my body and I sneeze, you will get it. There is no question of heat in such situations. We know that it survives in the human body at 37 degree Celsius. So, heat is no deterrent for its transmission. The only probability is that it may not survive in the outside environment. So, to say that the hot Indian summer will inhibit it... no, it will transmit as effectively. But the virus may not survive outside for long. That is the only advantage.
Dr V Ramasubramanian;Consultant, Infectious Diseases, Apollo Hospitals
_________________ Will wearing masks prevent the spreading of Coronavirus? What kind of masks should we wear?
For common people, it is not necessary to wear masks. Only people infected with COVID-19 and healthcare professionals, who are in contact with such infected patients, need to use N95 masks. The rest need not wear.
Dr J Euphrasia Latha;Head, Institute of Microbiology, Madras Medical College
If you are travelling to places where the probability of catching the infection is high, say hospitals, you need to wear masks. If you are using public transport system, where you cannot know if somebody will sneeze or cough, you can use a mask. But the main prevention mechanism is to frequently wash your hands and refrain from shaking other people’s hands or hugging them. Follow cough etiquette when you are travelling or outside. Dr P Kuganantham;Founder-chairman, Indian Public Health Foundation and former Chennai City Health Officer
_________________ Should people avoid eating meat based food to prevent transmission?
Eating meat has nothing to do with Coronavirus. It is a respiratory virus and not a food-borne one. Dr KK Aggarwal
Coronavirus has nothing to do with food or pet animals or eating chicken and mutton. People can eat whatever they want and how much ever they want. Dr V Ramasubramanian
_________________ What measures are being taken in airports to screen passengers for COVID-19 infection?
All international passengers are being screened. On average, at the Chennai airport, at least 6,500 passengers are being screened through the 10 health screening counters. Since the outbreak, we have seen a 27% reduction in the number of passengers at Chennai. On the advice of the Government of India, we are using dedicated aerobridges, immigration counters, X-ray Baggage Inspection Systems, carousel and exit gate for flights operating from 12 countries. All the touch points of passenger flow area like aerobridges, baggage trolleys and floor areas are frequently cleaned. The airport has five automatic sanitiser dispensers. Bottled sanitisers are provided by Airports Authority of India at various points. We have stuck awareness posters, put up digital TV displays and Do’s and Don’ts at passenger flow locations. Awareness programmes are being conducted by National Disaster Response Force and Airport Health Organisation to housekeeping staff for method of cleaning. Spokesperson;AAI Chennai
_________________ How soon can a vaccine be developed for COVID-19?
Novel viruses happen due to reassortment. They remain for a short period and mutate depending on various factors like geography etc. A vaccine for COVID-19 is likely to be developed in another three to six months because the trials are on at the moment. Like H1N1, a vaccine can be developed for COVID-19 too. Dr P Kuganantham
In the case of a hit-and-run virus like SARS, no vaccine was developed because after six months it did not come back. If COVID-19 too disappears, then there wouldn’t be a need for one. Dr KK Aggarwal
_________________ Is there a link between a person’s immunity and COVID-19 transmission? Is this curable?
Sometimes, the virus enters a person’s lungs and causes pneumonia. People with vulnerable immunity like the elderly succumb to this. Young people with good immunity, the effects of the virus may not be too strong but if you are someone with comorbid conditions like diabetes or cardiac disease, or if you are on immunosuppresive drugs, then the risk of infection is severe. Dr J Euphrasia Latha
Coronovirus is one of the weakest family of viruses. The deaths caused so far or people affected could have been ones with less immunity like children or the elderly. It does not affect everybody. Yes, 100% immunocompromised people like those with HIV, people with cancer, those who have undergone transplant surgeries or people with diabetes are at risk. Children and elderly are at risk as well. If you take the history of all who died in China or Iran, 90% of them would have been suffering from an illness that compromises their immunity. Dr P Kuganantham
The average age of virus death is 59. The mortality rate for people aged 60 and above after contracting a viral infection is 3.4%; above 70 years is 8% and 80 and above is 15%. Generally, if the immunity is good, you can tolerate any viral infection but there is no specific evidence as it pertains to COVID-19. Dr KK Aggarwal
_________________ If I have symptoms of COVID-19 virus, should I approach the hospital directly? What if I accidentally pass on the virus to others on the way or at the hospital?
You are not supposed to visit a hospital directly. In Delhi, you must call a hospital or doctor. There are designated centres to give your samples. Depending on your symptoms, a call will be made on what needs to be done, and they will come and collect a sample at your home. You cannot go to a hospital and infect others. Dr KK Aggarwal
There are helpline numbers to contact. At the Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital (RGGGH) in Chennai, there is a separate outpatient section for Coronavirus cases. You can visit here and consult a doctor and leave samples for testing. No other patient will be permitted to access this entrance. RGGGH is the only place in Chennai where samples will be collected for testing. Dr J Euphrasia Latha
Most people will go to see their family physician or the neighbourhood doctor for treatment. But they will transmit the disease. Only government facilities are equipped to test for Coronavirus. Dr Ravi Santhosham
_________________ Are there any home remedies to treat COVID-19?
Home remedies and treatment other than allopathy is not proven science. The best thing is precaution only. You must keep away from a patient who coughs and sneezes. If you are coughing, you need to cover your face with a mask and not spread the droplets around. COVID-19 spreads through droplets.
Dr J Euphrasia Latha
Why should we consider such opinions and baseless assumptions? Go ahead with home remedies if you want but none of them works on Coronavirus. But go ahead because if you can prove that anything can cure COVID-19 infection, then that is worth a Nobel Prize.
Dr KK Aggarwal
_________________ Is India equipped to battle Coronavirus?
We have started late. There are two steps in case of a viral outbreak — preparedness and containment. If you cannot contain, you delay and if you cannot delay, you research and mitigate the circumstances. Preparedness phased cannot be considered now when there already is infection. After 43 cases, now we are going through preparedness. It is a bit of a delayed response. You need both preparedness and containment tactics at the moment. At least, in India, community spread has not happened so far.
Dr KK Aggarwal
We must change the focus of our battle to personal hygiene. For example, during the Ebola outbreak in Africa, the Governments there was able to contain not because of drugs and treatment but by improving personal hygiene. They mandated hand-washing frequently at schools and industries, which helped bring down the cases. For COVID-19, the management is only by handling patients with travel history. They need to be isolated for the incubation period and kept under observation.
Dr P Kuganantham
_________________ Compiled by Deepa Alexander, Pradeep Kumar and Priyadarshini Paitandy
Cold Fever Is Not Coronavirus Symptoms Treatments Prevention And Death Toll
केवल नाक बहने या छींक से घबराएं नहीं, इन लक्षणों से जानें आपको कोरोनावायरस है या सर्दी-बुखार
लाइफस्टाइल डेस्क, अमर उजाला, नई दिल्ली, Updated Thu, 12 Mar 2020 01:50 PM IST
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Corona virus Graphics - फोटो : Amar Ujala
विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन (डब्ल्यूएचओ) ने कोरोना को विश्वव्यापी महामारी घोषित कर दिया है। वहीं देश में कोरोनावायरस संक्रमितों की संख्या बढ़कर 73 हो गई है, जिसमें 17 विदेशी शामिल हैं। राहत की बात यह है कि भारत में अबतक इससे किसी की मौत नहीं हुई है, लेकिन चिंता की बात यह है कि अबतक इसका इलाज भी नहीं ढूंढा जा सका है। इस बीच भय के माहौल में लोग सामान्य बुखार या सर्दी में भी घबरा जा रहे हैं। अधिकतर लोगों को कोरोनावायरस की खास जानकारी नहीं है। दरअसल कोरोना, सर्दी-बुखार या सीजनल फ्लू से बिल्कुल अलग है।