Darcha–Padum Road built

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The ongoing tussle at LAC will hopefully result in completion of the Darcha-Padam-Nimoo road much before the deadlines. 4.5KM tunnel under the Shinkoo La pass in 2 years is way too ambitious by the Indian standards





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If govt. can complete the Shiku La tunnel at 16500 ft in two years then it will be some achievement




Not going to happen this


Also Padum to Nimmu road on Zanskar is far from complete. Around 80km stretch is still yet to be cut.
 

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Govt pushes hard to complete 1st all-weather route to Ladakh

Senior military commanders said the third route to connect Ladakh by road is urgently needed given Pakistan and its all-weather friend, China’s interest in the Siachen Glacier and Daulat Beg Oldie.

INDIA Updated: Aug 26, 2020, 23:20 IST
Shishir Gupta

Shishir Gupta
Hindustan Time, New Delhi

An Indian army convoy moves on the Srinagar- Ladakh highway at Gagangeer, north-east of Srinagar.


An Indian army convoy moves on the Srinagar- Ladakh highway at Gagangeer, north-east of Srinagar.(AP)

India’s national security planners are pushing hard to complete an all-weather strategic route to Ladakh that will link Darcha in Himachal Pradesh to Nimu via Padum in Kargil’s Zanskar valley, people familiar with the matter said.

Senior military commanders said the third route to connect Ladakh by road is urgently needed given Pakistan and its all-weather friend, China’s interest in the Siachen Glacier and Daulat Beg Oldie.
Nimu is 35 kilometres from Leh town and headquarters of XIV Corps responsible for the defence of East Ladakh and Siachen Glacier.
This will be the first all-weather route to Ladakh which is already connected by two other routes; the first via Zoji La in Jammu and Kashmir and the second, via Himachal’s Manali-Upshi-Leh axis. The 9.02 kilometre Atal tunnel at Rohtang La, which will reduce the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km, is set to become operational next month.
The defence ministry’s road project is being pushed hard by road and highways minister Nitin Gadkari and his colleague Gen VK Singh after China provoked a standoff along the Line of Actual Control in East Ladakh and started mobilising troops in the depth areas. New Delhi perceives Beijing’s reluctance to disengage despite reminders as an effort to create a new normal at the border.

Officials said the third route requires upgrading the Darcha-Padum-Nimu trekking route into a metalled road and building a 4.5-kilometre tunnel under Shingo La on the Darcha-Padum route. The project, which has been in the pipeline for a decade, is scheduled to be completed by the defence ministry within two years.
In an effort to ensure that the project meets its two-year deadline, Gadkari’s ministry has proposed that the task to build the tunnel should be given to the company that constructed the 9.02 km tunnel at Rohtang La on the condition that it meets the timeline.
According to military commanders, the need to build the third axis was felt as tunnelling would be required under four more high mountain passes on the existing Manali-Leh route if the road has to be kept open through the year. The Atal tunnel at Rohtang La on this route has been built at a height of 10,171 feet and is already the world’s longest at this altitude.

The four passes that would require tunnels on the existing Manali-Leh route are at higher altitudes: Baralacha La (16,500 feet), Nakee La (15,547 feet), Lachung La (16,616 feet), and Tanglang La (17,480 feet). These passes are only open for traffic between mid-May and mid-November and covered with deep snow remaining part of the year.
However, the Darcha-Padum-Nimu route requires only a single 4.5 km tunnel through the 16,570 feet Shingo La between Darcha and Padum to ensure that the road is closed only for two months in winter. Darcha is 147 kilometres from Manali and lies on the highway to Leh after Jispa and Keylong across Rohtang La.
The distance between Darcha and Padum is about 148 kilometres with the Zanskar sub-divisional town connected to Kargil via a 230-km long single lane road. Work is already on to construct the Darcha-Padum road with another 260 km road work in progress between Padum and Nimu.

“We are looking to build a road that bisects the Leh-Kargil highway around Lamayuru monastery and connects Darcha via Padum. This road will allow the Indian military and the local population to get round-the-year supplies… The route is not under the prying eyes of the Pakistan Army as in Kaksar in Kargil district or the DSDBO (Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldie) route that is under the observation of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA),” said a former army chief who asked not to be named.
Apart from keeping supply lines open for the military guarding Siachen, Kargil and DBO sectors, the Darcha-Nimu route will also develop the new union territory of Ladakh to match the aspirations of its people.


 

Alpha

Going to Neverland
Also Padum to Nimmu road on Zanskar is far from complete. Around 80km stretch is still yet to be cut.
BRO has already cut and operationalized the Padum-Lingshed-Lamayuru road. However, this route too has two high passes which will get closed during winters (BRO may have kept them open somehow this year due to China issue). I think BRO should work on war footing to put tarmac on the entire stretch of Darch-Padum-Lingshed-Lamayuru road and tunneling on all three passes namely Shinku la, Singe la and Sirsir La.

We should put on hold the Padum-Nimmu road which i believe has a very difficult topography to cut through. That is why the work has been on standstill for past many years. Instead deploy all the resources on Padum-Lingshed-Lamayuru axis so that this route gets motorable for the army and tourists alike within 2-3 years.
 

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We should put on hold the Padum-Nimmu road which i believe has a very difficult topography to cut through. That is why the work has been on standstill for past many years. Instead deploy all the resources on Padum-Lingshed-Lamayuru axis so that this route gets motorable for the army and tourists alike within 2-3 years.
I agree with it as you have to provide resources on the practically possible solutions first.
After this only Padum-Nimmu road job should be preferred with the help of good experts.
Other than this, machinery or other infrastructure will also need heavy investment to keep open ways in such difficult terrain.
 
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ZANSKAR

Tough to reach Shinkula Pass | Dangerous Roads ki Shuruwat
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Gud Morning Friends, Sat Shri Akal, Namaste, Bado ko pairi pona or Choto ko heloooooo ..
 

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Manali | Atal Tunnel | Shinku La (Pass) | Road Trip.
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•Nov 19, 2020


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Recently drove from manali to shinku la (pass). Newly built road, Nimmu–Padum–Darcha road or Zanskar Highway, connects Nimmu in the Indus Valley to Padum, to Darcha, the main town in Lahul. It provides an alternative to the Leh–Manali Highway in linking Ladakh with the rest of India. It was awesome experience to be on this road and soak beauty all around.
 

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Shinkula Pass Map | Shinkula Pass road Map | Shingo La Pass | Leh Express
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•May 25, 2020


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hello guys, this is AK your friend you are watching Leh Express ,so guys today in this video i am going to tell you about shinkula pass road map with lot of details but first you need to know what and where is this beautiful pass so here it is , Shingo-la (also known as Shinku La) is a mountain pass in India, on the border between Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh. There is a shallow lake or pool 20m below the pass. The pass is on a long-distance footpath linking Zanskar and Lahaul, used often by locals and trekkers alike. For trekkers it is one of the technically easiest 5000m passes in Indian Himalaya, involving no glacier trekking nor steep climbs. There is snow on the pass all year round, although in the summer only a small stretch of snow has to be passed. There is an official sign proclaiming height of the pass as 16,615.500 feet. The height indicated by various trekking website varies from 4900 to 5100 meters. This pass may be considered as an entry point to Lugnak Valley in Zanskar. The nearest inhabited village on Zanskar side is Kurgiakh and on the Lahaul side is Chikka. Both the villages generally involves two days trekking from the pass. The base camp for crossing the pass are set up at Ramjak or Chumik Nakpo from Darcha side and Lakong from Padum side. A rudimentary road to Shingo La was first constructed in 2016. The road was extended to Lakong above the Kurgiakh-Chu in 2017 and a very rough extension to the village of Kurgiakh was made by bulldozers and towed dump trucks in 2018. The Indian Government Boarder Roads Organization frequently claims that the road is motorable but as of the summers of 2018 and 2019 the road from Lakong to Kurgiakh is still routed within the waters of the Kurgiakh-Chu river and is impassible to all but tracked or large wheeled offroad construction vehicles. The winter of 2018/2019 did severe damage to both sides of the Shingo La road and in June 2019 it was described as being rebuilt.[3] In September of the same year the first crossing by a private motor vehicle (an SUV) was reported. The drivers told the press:
 

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KEYLONG
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Army convoy roughs it out on a high mountain pass to Ladakh sector. (HT photo)


Army convoy roughs it out on a high mountain pass to Ladakh sector. (HT photo)

INDIA NEWS

One year after Galwan clash, defence ministry to decide on Shinkun La tunnel
While the Borders Roads Organization wants a shorter 4.5km tunnel under the 5,091 metre pass on the existing road alignment readied by 2024, the NHIDCL prefers an elaborate 13.5km tunnel and a new road to secure the shortest route on Manali-Darcha-Padun-Nimmu-Leh axis.
By Shishir Gupta, Hindustan Times, New Delhi


A year after the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) transgressed into Gogra-Hot Springs and Pangong Tso area of eastern Ladakh, the Union defence ministry is on the verge of deciding the alignment of strategic Nimmu-Padum-Darcha road to feed supplies to Indian military formations in Ladakh sector. The new alignment will be the third axis to Ladakh and will be least exposed to the adversary as compared to Srinagar-Zoji La-Kargil axis and Manali-Upshi-Leh axis.

According to officials in roads and highways and defence ministries, the Border Roads Organization (BRO) and the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL) have already made separate presentations before the top officials of the defence ministry last March and left the latter to decide on the alignment.

Key to this new alignment is a proposed tunnel under 16,703-feet Shingo or Shinkun La, which gets snowed in and blocks traffic movement during at least three winter months. Situated on the border between Himachal Pradesh and Ladakh, the high mountain pass has snow round-the-year with BRO constructing motorable roads on both sides of the pass.
According to geology study conducted by Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment on behalf of the BRO, the Manali based institute recommended three options of constructing tunnels to obviate the pass. The first option was a 4.25km tunnel located at an distance of 36.5km from Darcha (99 km stone on Manali-Sarchu road). The north portal of the proposed tunnel is 41km from Darcha. The other two proposed options are 7km tunnel and a 13.81km tunnel.

For the BRO, the 4.25km tunnel is a preferred option as it addresses the most difficult portion of the road and remaining road could be kept open with snow clearance effort and some avalanche structures. The time for construction of this tunnel, which is already on the road axis, will be three working seasons and the road-tunnel will be completed by 2024.

According to BRO, this option offers the best gradient, least overburden and least support requirements with Afcons, who constructed the Atal Tunnel, moving their equipment to build the tunnel under Shinkun la on a war footing.
The NHIDCL, under the ministry of surface transport, on its part has suggested an altogether new road alignment, north-east of the present axis with a 13.5km tunnel under Shinkun La. Projecting this as a shortest route linking Atal Tunnel to the Darcha-Padun-Nimmu road, the NHDCL proposal involves building access roads on both sides to the proposed 13.5 km tunnel, which will take many a season to complete. The NHIDCL is preparing a detailed project report on the new route.

While the defence ministry is still to take a decision on the two proposals, fact remains is that the third route is an urgent requirement given the Chinese Army seriously ramping up military infrastructure all along the 3,488km Line of Actual Control (LAC).
Although the disengagement is completed between the two armies in Pangong Tso, the Western Theatre Command of PLA continues to remain deployed in eastern Ladakh and depth areas. The disengagement at Gogra-Hot Springs is still work in progress and any possibility of a LAC flare-up is not beyond the realms of military possibility. Time is running out on the Shinkun La tunnel.


One year after Galwan clash, defence ministry to decide on Shinkun La tunnel
 

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The proposed 4.25-kilometre tunnel under the 5,091-metre-high Shinkun La pass will create all-weather axis from Manali to Leh via Darcha-Padun-Nimmu alignment to supply Indian Army formations in Ladakh sector. (HT graphics)


The proposed 4.25-kilometre tunnel under the 5,091-metre-high Shinkun La pass will create all-weather axis from Manali to Leh via Darcha-Padun-Nimmu alignment to supply Indian Army formations in Ladakh sector. (HT graphics)
INDIA NEWS


Defence ministry clears the BRO tunnel under Shinkun La in Ladakh
Defence minister Rajnath Singh took a decision in favour of shorter 4.5km tunnel proposal of Border Roads Organisation but the order could not be issued as all the top officials involved in the project were hit by coronavirus.
By Shishir Gupta, Hindustan Times, New Delhi

PUBLISHED ON MAY 19, 2021 03:55 PM IST

Cutting through the red-tape, the Union defence ministry has decided to ask the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) to build a 4.25-kilometre tunnel under the 5,091-metre-high Shinkun La pass to make an all-weather axis from Manali to Leh via Darcha-Padun-Nimmu alignment to supply Indian Army formations in Ladakh sector. The snow-free axis is expected to be completed by 2024.

According to South Block officials, defence minister Rajnath Singh and top officials decided in favour of the BRO proposal instead of National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL), which was recommending an altogether new road alignment with a 13.5km tunnel under Shinkun La.

“Both BRO and NHIDCL made presentations before the minister in March 2021. After studying both the proposals, the defence ministry has decided in favour of shorter tunnel. The decision could not be put on the paper as a number of senior officials involved in this project were hit by Covid-19 infection,” said a top official. The NHIDCL has been preparing detailed project report of the project since 2017, much before the Chinese Army transgressed into Ladakh in May 2020.

It is understood that the total cost of the BRO tunnel construction will be around ₹1,000 crore due to simple design and requirement of basic electromechanical fittings. The 4.25km tunnel will have longitudinal ventilation using banana fans, which require minimum electricity and operational costs.
The Darcha-Padum-Nimmu road is 297-kilometre long with 100km already converted into double lane and black-topped by the BRO last year at the height of India-China border skirmish. While the distance between Manali and Leh will remain the same with the new road, the axis will remain totally snow-free round the year allowing movement of both troops and equipment to feed Ladakh, Kargil and Siachen sectors.


The present Manali-Sarchu-Upshi-Leh road goes over four high mountain passes of around 5,000-metre in height even after construction of Atal tunnel under Rohtang pass and remains snowed for at least two to three months during winter.
The four passes on present Manali-Leh route are: Baralacha La (16500 feet), Nakee La (15547 feet), Lachung La (16616 feet) and Tanglang La (17480 feet).


Defence ministry clears the BRO tunnel under Shinkun La in Ladakh.
 
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