Tamilnadu - A trip to Mahabalipuram from Bhubaneswar


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Few lines---
"Mahabalipuram, also known as Mamallapuram is a town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is around 60 km south from the city of Chennai. It is an ancient historic town and was a bustling seaport during the time of Periplus (1st century CE) and Ptolemy (140 CE). Ancient Indian traders who went to countries of South East Asia sailed from the seaport of Mahabalipuram.
By the 7th century it was a port city of South Indian dynasty of the Pallavas. It has a group of sanctuaries, which was carved out of rock along the Coromandel coast in the 7th and 8th centuries : rathas (temples in the form of chariots), mandapas (cave sanctuaries), giant open-air reliefs such as the famous 'Descent of the Ganges', and the Shore Temple, with thousands of sculptures to the glory of Shiva. The group of monuments at Mahabalipuram has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet). The modern city of Mahabalipuram was established by the British Raj in 1827".

Google map from Bhubaneswar to Mahabalipuram...

Google Map - BBSR to Mahabalipuram.jpg

Sculptures and caves at Mahabalipuram...




When I saw the sculpture, my eyes 1st went to the Naga sculpture and it reminded me of the Naga sculpture at Konark.
See the similarity.

4 - Nagas.jpg

Krishna's butter ball...


Nice sculpture...


The structure of the tub shows how good the ancient drilling/sculpting technology was there.


The marks show how the rocks were cut in old times.


Bhima's stove...


View of Krishna's butter ball through Bhima's stove...


Stairs carved on rock...



Rayar Gopuram...
One story regarding this structure---
The pillar in this structure, contains the sculptures of Dasavataras.
Based on Puranas, the below are the avataras which depict the evolution of life.
1) Meena/Matsya/Machha - Fish (Living in water - Aquatic)
2) Kurma/Kachhapa - Tortoise (Living in land and water - Amphibious)
3) Sukara/Baraha - Boar (Living on land - Mammal)
4) Narahari - ManLion (Humanitarian Evolution)
5) Bamana - Dwarf man (He is considered as a early human who is a traveller or a wandering monk. So it means that he does not know how to kill and eat and so dependent on wandering and take what he gets)
6) Bhrugupati - Parasurama (Early human using Parasu Sastra (Weapons to be held in hand and not used for throwing purpose). He is represented as a saint who is a fighter as well)
7) Rama - A king and a fighter. Mark of civil society (He uses Bow and Arrow which is called Astra ("Weapons to be held in hand and then thrown" - the next step of weapons)
8) Haladhara - Balarama (A person who can do farming as well as fighting)
9) Buddha - A king and fighter who can change himself to a saint and preacher
10)Kalki - Final destoyer

But while making the sculptures, the image of Haladhara/Balarama was made before Rama which is wrong.
The archer (for hunting) should be definitely before the farmer (for grain/food cultivation).
But the sequence of avataras became wrong and so they abandoned the complete structure.
This concept might be wrong.
But if it is true, then it tells that how perfectionist our ancient generation were.---




Light house...



Shore temple...




Last one from beach...



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