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Supreme Court Allows Green Crackers For 2 Hours In Telangana
Supreme Court allows sale, use of green firecrackers for two hours in Telangana, modifies High Court order on complete ban.

All India
Reported by A Vaidyanathan, Edited by Nandini Gupta
Updated: November 13, 2020 6:19 pm IST

Supreme Court Allows Green Crackers For 2 Hours In Telangana


The Supreme Court has allowed sale and use of green firecrackers for two hours in Telangana. (File)


New Delhi:
The Supreme Court has allowed the sale and use of green crackers - considered to be less polluting - for two hours in Telangana, where the state government had imposed a complete ban following an order from the state High Court ahead of Diwali.
The judgement was given by a two-judge bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar and Sajiv Khanna in an urgent hearing, conducted through video conferencing, on a plea filed by the Telangana Fire Workers Dealers Association stating losses.
Allowing the 2-hour relaxation, the Supreme Court clarified that the Telangana state government would have to heed restrictions imposed by the National Green Tribunal.
The court also issued a notice to the original petitioner before the High Court on whose plea the ban was imposed, and said that it cannot stay the High Court's order without hearing the other side.
"In the meanwhile, the impugned judgment stands modified and be in line with NGT's order of November 9 which applies even to the State of Telangana. The state must comply with the directions in letter and spirit. We are conscious of the fact that the respondents are not served, but in view of the peculiar situation and urgency involved, the High Court orders stands modified," the bench said.
Last week, the National Green Tribunal had imposed a complete ban on firecrackers in Delhi, neighbouring areas and all cities across the country where the average air quality is "poor" or worse. The green court had allowed sale and use of less polluting "green crackers" for two hours in areas where air pollution was "moderate" or below.
The ban is applicable from midnight November 9 to midnight November 30, and on festivals like Diwali, Chatt, Guru Purab, Christmas and the New Year's Eve.
Recently, Delhi's neighbour Haryana had also tweaked its firecracker ban to allow sale and use for two hours everywhere in the state, barring Gurgaon - a part of the highly polluted national capital region. The state also allowed relaxations after a presentation by traders' groups.

Supreme Court Allows Green Crackers For 2 Hours In Telangana
 

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Supreme Court allows bursting of green firecrackers in Telangana for two hours
In its plea, the Telangana Fire Workers Dealers Association argued the ban was imposed without considering its economic impact on firecracker dealers.

Supreme Court allows bursting of green firecrackers in Telangana for two hours


File photo of the Supreme Court of India. | Sajjad Hussain/AFP

The Supreme Court on Friday allowed the sale and use of green crackers for two hours in Telangana, where the state government had imposed a complete ban following an order from the High Court, NDTV reported.
A bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar and Sajiv Khanna delivered the judgement on a plea filed by the Telangana Fire Workers Dealers Association seeking a stay on the the High Court order, Bar and Bench reported.
The Telangana High Court on Thursday banned firecrackers in the state ahead of Diwali, given the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. The court also asked the state government to submit a report on November 19 on the measures taken to combat the spread of the virus, according to ANI.
The petition, filed by Advocate Somanadri Goud K, contended that the High Court directive was violative of the association members’ right to livelihood. The order was passed without making the association a party to the case, and without considering the impact it would have on the members engaged in manufacturing such products, the plea alleged.
As the ban was imposed just days ahead of Diwali, the association said it had led to “immense financial hardships” to its members, especially since firecrackers is a “seasonal business for which heavy investments have been made”.
“It is important to acknowledge the nexus between law and economics in current times wherein a balanced approach needs to adopted for balancing of the two rights available to the citizens under Articles 19(1)(g) and 21 of the Constitution of India,” the plea added.
In this context, the High Court order has failed to consider the “economic adversities that shall befall upon almost lakhs of people and their respective families who are directly and indirectly employed by the fireworks industry within the State of Telangana,” the petitioner said.
States and Union Territories, including New Delhi, Rajasthan, Odisha, West Bengal, Sikkim and Chandigarh, have imposed a total ban on the sale and use of firecrackers. Meanwhile, Jharkhand, Punjab and Andhra Pradesh have also allowed the bursting of green firecrackers for two hours on Diwali and other upcoming festivals.


Supreme Court allows bursting of green firecrackers in Telangana for two hours
 

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Delhi air quality worsens to ‘severe’ category on Diwali
The overall air quality index rose past 420 on a scale of 500, indicating hazardous conditions.

Delhi air quality worsens to ‘severe’ category on Diwali


Washerman stand next to laundry amidst smog on the banks of the river Yamuna in New Delhi on Saturday. | Adnan Abidi/Reuters
The air quality in Delhi on Saturday deteriorated to “severe” category due to stubble burning and bursting of firecrackers, the Central Pollution Control Board said.

According to the agency’s air quality index or AQI, any reading above 100 on a scale of 500 is progressively unsafe for health. At 5 pm, the AQI in Delhi was at 423, indicating “severe” conditions that pose a risk of respiratory problems. Haze shrouded the city again by Saturday evening, reducing visibility significantly.

While the pollution control board uses 24-hour average data, the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ SAFAR, or System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research reports real-time figures. The government-run monitoring agency said the overall AQI struck 421 in Delhi at 6.45 pm.

Meanwhile, the PM10 index, which measures the concentration of particulate matter of 10 microns diameter or less in the air, hit 408, SAFAR said. This is coarse particulate matter and mostly dust, which attaches to toxic material from other emissions. A level of 500 is considered “hazardous” and people are usually advised to remain indoors.

Levels of the most dangerous particles, called PM2.5, climbed to around 271 micrograms per cubic meter, which is considered hazardous to breathe. Particulate matter smaller than 2.5 microns (or about a ten-thousandth of an inch) is particularly dangerous to human health. Such particles are small enough to travel deep into the respiratory system, potentially impairing lung function. To be considered safe, the National Ambient Air Quality Standards require PM2.5 concentration to be less than 60 micrograms per cubic metre of air in any given 24-hour period.

“Even a small increase in local additional emissions is likely to have significant deterioration impact on Sunday and Monday,” SAFAR said, according to PTI. It added that stubble burning accounted for 32% of the city’s PM2.5 pollution.
Earlier in the day, it said that the concentration of PM2.5 in Delhi on Diwali could be the lowest in the last four years if no firecrackers are burnt.

Delhi’s 24-hour average AQI was 414 on Saturday, 339 on Friday and 314 on Thursday, PTI reported.
Kuldeep Srivastava, the head of the Indian Meteorological Department’s regional forecasting centre, told PTI that the air quality was likely to improve after Diwali due to an increase in the wind speed.

Earlier this week, the National Green Tribunal had imposed a blanket ban on the sale of firecrackers in Delhi and the National Capital Region till November 30.

Gurugram also imposed a complete ban on firecrackers, three days after the Haryana government permitted their sale and use for two hours on festivals such as Diwali, citing impact on small traders.

Delhi’s air pollution typically worsens in October and November due to farmers burning stubble in neighbouring states, unfavourable wind speed and local emission of traffic fumes in the city. Firecrackers ignited for Diwali add to the problem.


Delhi air quality worsens to ‘severe’ category on Diwali
 

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Cracker ban: How different States are enforcing firecracker restrictions
The Hindu Net Desk
NOVEMBER 14, 2020 11:34 IST
UPDATED: NOVEMBER 14, 2020 19:12 IST

1605384685681.png


Tamil Nadu has imposed timings for bursting firecrackers across the State. | Photo Credit: R. Ragu

As India celebrates Chhath Pooja and Kali Pooja, several States and Union Territories in India have announced a total ban on bursting all forms of firecrackers and their sales due to the upsurge of COVID-19 and consistent rise in air pollution.
Delhi/NCR
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has announced a blanket ban on sales and bursting all forms of firecrackers in the National Capital Region from midnight of November 9 to that of November 30. Likewise, the Delhi Pollution Control Committee has imposed a complete ban on firecrackers from November 7 to November 30 in Delhi. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal announced this decision after a high-level meeting with Chief Secretary Vijay Dev and magistrates. Union Environment Minister Gopal Rai has warned that the violators will be charged under the Air Act.
Haryana
On November 6, Haryana government had announced a complete ban on bursting firecrackers due to coronavirus and air pollution. However, two days later, Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar did a U-turn and relaxed the order to allow bursting of firecrackers for two hours on Deepavali night. CM Khattar shared this decision on Twitter.
Rajasthan
Ahead of all States, Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot imposed a total ban on the sale and bursting of all forms of firecrackers and explosives during Deepavali. On November 2, Mr. Gehlot tweeted, “State govt has taken the decision to ban the sale and bursting of firecrackers to protect the health of COVID-19 infected patients and public from poisonous smoke emanating due to fireworks. In this challenging corona pandemic time, protecting the lives of people is paramount for govt.”
Chandigarh
The Union Territory of Chandigarh, which is also the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana, has issued a ban on the sale and use of firecrackers.
Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh government issued permission to burst green firecrackers during Deepavali, Christmas and New Year in places that have been declared to have moderate air quality. Crackers are allowed from 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. on Diwal, 6 a.m. to 8 a.m. on Chhath Puja, 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. on Gurupurab, and 11.55 p.m. to 12.30 a.m. on New Year and Christmas.
West Bengal
The Calcutta High Court has ordered a ban on the sale and bursting of firecrackers during Deepavali, Chhath Pooja, Kali Pooja and Kartik Pooja to control air pollution and COVID-19. Justice Sanjib Banerjee and Arijit Banerjee ordered that the same guidelines that were in effect during Durga Pooja be followed now as well to restrain the crowd limit. If anyone is found violating the High Court order, they will be sentenced for 6 months.
Sikkim
Under the order of Chief Secretary S.C. Gupta, the Sikkim Government issued a ban on the sale and bursting of firecrackers for the entire festival season to protect the active and recovered patients of COVID-19. He said, “a significant number of COVID-19 patients have recovered. But the increase in air pollution on burning crackers may prove hazardous for the recovered as well as active COVID-19 patients.”
Nagaland
The Nagaland government has imposed a ban on firecrackers across the State till January 31 next year. In a notification, Chief Secretary J. Alam attributed the decision to a hike in COVID-19 cases, and respiratory troubles faced by the elderly, children, and persons with multiple medical conditions.
Jharkhand
As per the guidelines of Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board, Secretary Rajiv Lochan Bakshi said people can burst crackers from 8 p.m. and 10 p.m. on Deepavali. However, only green crackers will be allowed in urban areas of districts where the pollution level is moderate. This includes Palamu, Ranchi, Bokaro, Ramgarh, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum, Giridih, Seraikela-Kharswan, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Godda, Deoghar, Sahibganj and Pakur.
Odisha
On November 3, Odisha Government banned the sale and bursting of all forms of firecrackers across the State from November 10 to November 30. According to the State government order, violators will be penalised under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, and other relevant laws.
Madhya Pradesh
Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has announced that there will be no ban on selling or bursting of firecrackers in the State. However, no “Chinese firecrackers” will be allowed, he said on Twitter. He also said that firecrackers with pictures of Hindu gods and goddesses will not be allowed for sale.
Maharashtra
Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray has not imposed any ban per se, but he urged people to celebrate Deepavali with ‘self-discipline’. Civic body Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation has announced a ban on bursting crackers at public places during Deepavali. However, they relaxed the order for Laxmi Pujan, which falls on November 14, and gave permission to burst small firecrackers like fuljhadi (sparklers) and anar or paus (fountain) within private premises.
Karnataka
After an initial statement on the ban on firecrackers, Chief Minister B.S. Yediyurappa backtracked and said that Karnataka government would only allow green crackers to safeguard COVID-19 patients. He requested that Deepavali be celebrated in a simple manner with eco-friendly firecrackers.
Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh Government has not imposed any ban on sale and bursting of crackers but has instructed that only green crackers be sold or used. The duration for the bursting of crackers is limited to two hours: 8 p.m. to 10 p.m. on Deepavali.
Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami imposed timings for bursting firecrackers across the State. Firecrackers may be burst only between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m., and between 7 p.m. and 8 p.m. Under the guidelines of the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TNPCB), prior permission is needed to burst crackers at public places.
(With inputs from Samyuktha Sivakumar)


Cracker ban: How different States are enforcing firecracker restrictions
 

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Delhi’s air quality turns ‘severe’, firecrackers add to misery

PTI

NOIDA, NOVEMBER 14, 2020 22:22 IST
UPDATED: NOVEMBER 15, 2020 00:09 IST



1605385925331.png


Crackers are burst at the terrace of house in New Delhi on November 14, 2020. | Photo Credit: R.V. Moorthy



Delhi’s air quality turned “severe” on November 14 with stubble burning accounting for 32% of Delhi’s PM2.5 pollution and firecracker emissions making the situation even worse.
A layer of haze lingered over Delhi-NCR at night as people continued bursting firecrackers despite a ban, and calm winds allowing accumulation of pollutants.
The level of PM2.5 — which is about 3 per cent the diameter of a human hair and can lead to premature deaths from heart and lung diseases — was 331 microgram per cubic metre (µg/m3) in Delhi-NCR at 10 pm, above the emergency threshold of 300 µg/m3.
The safe limit is 60 µg/m3.
The PM10 level stood at 494 µg/m3 at 10 p.m. IST, precariously close to the emergency threshold of 500 µg/m3, according to Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) data. PM10 levels below 100 µg/m3 are considered safe in India.
According to the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP), the air quality is considered in the “severe plus” or “emergency” category if PM2.5 and PM10 levels persist above 300 µg/m3 and 500 µg/m3 respectively for more than 48 hours.
Earlier, the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ air quality monitor, SAFAR, had said that the PM2.5 concentration in Delhi on Deepavali was “likely to be the lowest” of the last four years if no firecrackers are burnt.
However, it had said that even a small increase in local additional emissions is likely to have “a significant deterioration impact on November 15 and November 16”.
It said peak levels of PM10 and PM2.5 are expected between 1 a.m. and 6 a.m. IST in case of additional internal emissions.
The city recorded an overall AQI of 414 at 4 p.m. IST on November 14. It soared to 454 by 10 p.m. IST.
The 24-hour average AQI was 339 on November 13 and 314 on November 12.
Delhi recorded a 24-hour average AQI of 337 on Deepavali in 2019 (October 27), and 368 and 400 in the next two days. Thereafter, pollution levels remained in the “severe” category for three days.
In 2018, the 24-hour average AQI (281) on Deepavali was recorded in the “poor” category. It deteriorated to 390 the next day and remained in the “severe” category on three consecutive days thereafter.
In 2017, Delhi’s 24-hour average AQI on Deepavali (October 19) stood at 319. It, however, slipped into the “severe” zone the next day.
This time, the India Meteorological Department has said that a fresh western disturbance is likely to increase the wind speed and improve the air quality in Delhi-NCR post Deepavali.
Light rain is likely on November 15 under the influence of a western disturbance. It is still to be seen if it is enough to wash away pollutants, Kuldeep Srivastava, the head of the IMD’s regional forecasting centre, said.
“However, Delhi-NCR’s air quality is likely to improve post Diwali due to an expected increase in the wind speed on Sunday (November 15),” he said.
V.K. Soni, the head of the IMD’s environment research centre, said the wind speed is expected to pick up thereafter and the wind direction will be east-southeasterly.
There will be a significant improvement in air quality by November 16, Mr. Soni said.
The Air Quality Early Warning System for Delhi also said the situation is likely to “improve significantly” on November 16.
“Under the influence of a Western Disturbance, isolated rainfall over plains of northwest India and adjoining central India is likely on Sunday. The predominant surface wind is likely to be coming from East-Southeast direction of Delhi with wind speed up to 20 kmph,” it said.
“Generally cloudy sky, light rain, thundershowers accompanied with gusty winds (speed 30-40 kmph) is likely towards afternoon-evening on Sunday,” the central agency said.
The Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) on November 13 directed the CPCB and the States concerned to ensure there is no lapse in the implementation of the National Green Tribunal’s directions in view of the air quality scenario during the Deepavali period.
“In pursuance of NGT order dated November 9 and considering the concerns of air quality scenario in the NCR and its adverse health impact, the commission directed CPCB, state governments and authorities concerned for strict compliance of the directions of NGT, with zero tolerance on violation,” it said.
The National Green Tribunal on November 9 imposed a total ban on sale or use of all kinds of firecrackers in the National Capital Region (NCR) from November 9 midnight to November 30 midnight, saying “celebration by crackers is for happiness and not to celebrate deaths and diseases”.
A bench headed by NGT chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel clarified that the direction will apply to all cities and towns in the country where the average of ambient air quality during November 2019 was in “poor” and above categories.
“At other places, restrictions are optional for the authorities but if there are more stringent measures under orders of the authorities, the same will prevail,” the NGT had said.


Delhi’s air quality turns ‘severe’, firecrackers add to misery
 

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Heavy snow, rain forecast for Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh from November 13: IMD
Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh is likely to receive heavy rain and snow from Friday which will prevail for the next two days.
Heavy snow, rain forecast for Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh from November 13: IMD


File photo


Kashmir: The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) predicted heavy snow and rain in Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh from November 13, Friday for the next two days.

The weather agency issued a warning for air/surface traffic including all highways connecting Kashmir with the country.




In the Kashmir Valley, which is already facing freezing cold weather, a weather advisory has been issued predicting heavy snowfall and rain in Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh from Friday.

The IMD said that active western disturbance is most likely to affect Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh as well as its surroundings from the evening of November 13 to 15, causing widespread moderate to heavy snowfall and rainfall in both areas.


 

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Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh to Witness Widespread Rains over the Weekend
By TWC India Edit Team

19 hours ago
TWC India





Here’s our latest weather outlook for India

5-Day Nationwide Weather Forecast
Easterly moisture-laden winds have continued to bring widespread rain accompanied with thunderstorms over South India. Rain totals in excess of 50 mm are likely in some areas of Coastal Andhra Pradesh on Sunday.
Widespread snow or rain is expected in the alpine areas of Northern India, as a fresh western disturbance approaches the Trans Himalayas this weekend. In particular, 2-day snow totals up to 100 cm are likely at isolated places of Jammu & Kashmir from Saturday through Monday morning, The vicinity places are also expected to experience heavy snow in excess of 50 cm in the same duration.
A cyclonic circulation induced by the western disturbance will bring scattered rain accompanied with thunderstorms over North India, including Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh on Sunday morning through Monday. Therefore, air quality is expected to improve slightly from Monday onwards.
The aforementioned cyclonic circulation will move eastward towards Northeast India, and trigger snow or rain accompanied with thundershowers from Thursday through Wednesday.
Maximum temperatures are predicted to be below average in some areas of North and Central India due to the western disturbance for the next five days.
Minimum temperatures are expected to be warmer than normal for much of India in this duration, whereas cooler trends are expected in some areas of North India from Tuesday night.
Shallow to moderate morning fog is expected in some areas of Assam and adjoining regions for a while. Dense fog is likely in some areas of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh on Tuesday morning.



5-day weather forecast for India, from Saturday to Wednesday.
(TWC Met Team)
.
2-Day Regional Forecast
Saturday
Heavy snow is likely at isolated places of Jammu & Kashmir.
Fairly widespread snow is expected over Ladakh, while fairly widespread rain or snow is also possible over the rest of Jammu & Kashmir.
Fairly widespread rain accompanied with thunderstorms have been forecast over Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
Scattered rain or thundershowers are on the cards for Lakshadweep.

Isolated snow is possible over Himachal Pradesh.
Dry weather is likely in other places.
Shallow to moderate fog is possible at isolated places of Assam in the morning period.
Sunday
Heavy snow is likely at isolated places of Jammu & Kashmir.
Heavy rain accompanied with thunderstorms is expected at isolated places of Coastal Andhra Pradesh.
Fairly widespread snow is possible over Ladakh, while fairly widespread rain or snow has been predicted across Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and the rest of Jammu & Kashmir.
Fairly widespread rains and thunderstorms have been forecast over Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, West Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.
Scattered rain or thundershowers are in the forecast for the northern parts of Madhya Pradesh, East Rajasthan, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep.
Isolated stray showers are expected over Telangana.
Dry weather is likely in other places.
Shallow to moderate fog is possible at isolated places of Assam in the morning period.
**


Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh to Witness Widespread Rains over the Weekend | The Weather Channel - Articles from The Weather Channel | weather.com
 

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मौसम अपडेट: उत्तर और दक्षिणी भारत में अच्छी बारिश से देशभर में घटे बारिश के आंकड़ों में आएगा सुधार
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